Dr. Raja Banerjee

(Cosmetic Surgeon)

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PLASTIC SURGERY AND SPECIAL ROLE OF INDIA

Most of the people in the world , including the majority of the people in India , do not know that Plastic Surgery originated in India . Most of the western Text Books of Plastic surgery (including the more famous American ones ) concede the fact that the first book on Plastic Surgery Procedures -- Sushruta Samhita , was written by an Indian Saint named Sushruta around 600 BC , who specialised in surgical procedures . Sushruta is considered to be the father of Ancient Plastic Surgery and the first Plastic surgeon. In the book Sushrita describes reconstructions of the nose and ear lobes with the use of tissue transfer technique. In his technique of nasal reconstruction , which is still known in the modern world as the Indian Method , Sushrita transposed skin from the forehead to replace missing skin of the nose .He along with his students had ample scope to do this surgery , as in ancient India Nasal amputation was a humiliating punishment , which was a commonly given to criminals . Although the coming of dark ages had extinguished most of western scholarship, the traditions of learning fluorished throughout the Arab world and Asia . As western explorers, started exploring Asia and Africa during the period of colonisation , it resulted in the translation and transmission of the experience of the Indian surgeons to the Latin world . The first world war and it’s associated casualties and trauma , brought Harold Gillies to prominence for his pioneering work on the treatment of the wounded , in Queen Mary Hospital in Sidcup . Sidcup would become for modern Plastic surgery -- a fountainhead from which the speciality arose and fluorished . With progress of time , Plastic Surgery got divided into multiple subspeciality - like Reconstructive surgery , Hand surgery , Oculoplastic surgery , Oncologic reconstruction , Microvascular surgery ,Surgery for congenital defects , Burns , Maxilofacial Surgery and finaly Cosmetic Surgery.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PLASTIC SURGERY AND COSMETIC SURGERY --

Cosmetic surgery is a special branch of plastic surgery in which surgical procedure are done for improving a persons appearance and / or removing the signs of ageing. Most common cosmetic surgey procedures are – Abdominoplasty (or firming of Abdomen) , Breast Augmentation , Breast Reduction , Breast Lift , Rhinoplasty (Reshaping of Nose) , Facelift , Liposuction (Removal of fat deposit by traditional suction technique or Ultrasonic energy to aid fat removal ) . A Cosmetic surgeon is a Plastic surgeon, who has done specialised training in Cosmetic surgery, after completion of his routine Plastic surgery training. Previously the so called Best plastic surgeon / Best cosmetic surgeon usually hailed from countries like USA or Brazil , where these procedures started out ; but due to globalization and widespread travel of doctors from the third world to the west for training , has given rise to equally brilliant Plastic surgeons / Cosmetic surgeons in Asia. Although Cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more popular , with each passing day ; and cosmetic surgery can bring about tremendous changes in the personality and look of a patient ; but it is very important before undergoing a Cosmetic Surgery Procedure , to always choose a Plastic Surgeon , who has undergone specialised training in Cosmetic Surgery , after completing his/ her formal residency training programme in Plastic surgery.